Improving Students’ Learning -Promising Directions From Cognitive and Educational Psychology

Learning Techniques suggested by Cognitive & Educational psychologists:-

1. Elaborative interrogation -Generating an explanation for why an explicitly stated fact or concept is true.

2. Self-explanation- Explaining how new information is related to known information, or explaining steps taken during problem solving

3. Summarization -Writing summaries (of various lengths) of to-be-learned texts

4. Highlighting/underlining -Marking potentially important portions of to-be-learned materials while reading

5. Keyword mnemonic- Using keywords and mental imagery to associate verbal materials

6. Imagery for text -Attempting to form mental images of text materials while reading or listening

7. Rereading -Restudying text material again after an initial reading

8. Practice testing -Self-testing or taking practice tests over to-be-learned material

9. Distributed practice -Implementing a schedule of practice that spreads out study activities over time

10. Interleaved practice -Implementing a schedule of practice that mixes different kinds of problems, or a schedule of study that mixes different kinds of material, within a single study session

Five techniques received a low utility assessment: summarization, highlighting, the keyword mnemonic, imagery use for text learning, and rereading.

Reference article:-J,

First Published January 8, 2013